Research Report

Part One

  1. a) I am in the Child Studies program.
  2. b) The topic for my article is to focus on the relationships between siblings of the same gender and siblings of different genders and how gender effects their relationships.

Part Two: Interview

A)My interview subject was my classmate Annie.

B)I choose Annie as an interview subject because she has three brothers and is the only girl amongst her siblings. My paper focuses on whether siblings of the same gender and whether or not that effects their relationships and Annie could comment on the relationship between her brothers and her relationship with them. As well, two of her brothers are older and closer in age whereas one of her brothers is younger, this could indicate whether or not age has a possible factor in relationships.

C)We conducted our interview through email because Annie lives in the Eastern townships whereas I live in the West Island and this was most convenient during March break where we are both busy with work and other plans. We emailed back and forth often enough that it was a thorough interview and felt like a conversation but a well-spaced out conversation.

D)Although we conducted this interview through email, Annie is a classmate of mine therefore I know a bit of her personality. She is very outgoing, kind and considerate. She works hard in class and tries to be nice and friendly with everyone. This is why I felt comfortable enough to ask her to do this interview for me even though we don’t know each other well.

E)The two most successful questions I had prepared beforehand were “Have you ever felt left out being the only girl?” and “Do you ever wish you had a sister?” because those two questions are most relevant to the topic of my paper. I also think these were the most successful because they are the questions that make her think about herself and her own feelings which are more difficult to talk about than other people’s feelings.

F)The most successful answers I received were to the two most successful questions because those two questions gave the most emotional answers. These answers are about Annie and how she feels instead of what she thinks her brothers feel.

Have you ever felt left out being the only girl?

Yes I have, and a lot more lately, we don’t share the same interest and so I feel left out a lot. We all get along very well but sometimes I just want to have a sister so that we can do girl stuff together. However having brothers has toughened me up, I am very strong physically and emotionally because although I am their sister they do treat me like a boy sometimes, meaning that they think I can take hits as hard as my other brothers can.

Do you ever wish you had a sister?

Yes, all the time, I would have loved a sister, someone to talk to and to confide in. Sometimes I feel left out because although I have my mom, she isn’t my age and she doesn’t quite know what I am going through. However I have a really close friend who I consider my sister, we do everything together and are very similar. We try and see each other every weekend but sometimes my mom gets jealous, and then I just say that she should have had another daughter and things would have been different. Therefore although I do not have a biological sister, I have a sister figure in my life and I don’t know what I would do without her.

G) The most interesting discovery I made doesn’t relate specifically to my topic however I did believe that Annie’s two older brothers who are just over a year apart would be closer because they are the same gender and close in age. However, her oldest brother, who is twenty one and her youngest brother who is fourteen are the closest. This supports my idea that gender does have an effect on the quality of relationship siblings. Annie’s answers did support my theory that same gender siblings are closer however it did not provide any insight as to why.

Part Three: Textual Research Notes

Dunn, Judy, Cheryl Slomkowski, and Lynn Beardsall. “Sibling Relationships from the Preschool Period through Middle Childhood and Early Adolescence.” Developmental Psychology 30.3 (1994): 315-324. PsycARTICLES. Web. 8 Mar. 2015.

This article focuses on a study done on 39 children over the course of seven years and how their relationships with their siblings changes throughout this time. This article will help my own article because its results show that gender does have an effect on the relationship between siblings. This study found that by middle childhood, older sisters confided in their younger siblings more than older brothers did, this helps support the idea that I’m closer to my sister because of the fact that were the same gender and she was more likely to confide in me than my older brother.

Floyd, Kory. “Gender and Closeness among Friends and Siblings.” Journal of Psychology 129.2 (1995): 193. Academic Search Premier. Web. 8 Mar. 2015.

This article focuses on a study done to determine whether gender influences the type of bond that is formed between siblings and friends through the use of a questionnaire given out to 168 students. This article will contribute to my own article because it focuses completely on gender and how that effects sibling relationships which is the topic and main focus of my article. This study also gives information on what men consider to be acts of intimacy between friends and siblings and how those acts are different than the ones women acknowledge. For example men believe shaking hands and dirking together are indications of closeness whereas women prefer to discuss personal problems.

Lyon, Lindsay. “7 Ways Your Siblings May Have Shaped You.” US News. U.S. News & World Report, 31 July 2009. Web. 08 Mar. 2015.

This article gives seven different ways that siblings could have an effect on us in our adult life and while we were growing up. This article doesn’t focus so much on same gender siblings but will still contribute to my article because it will add to my conclusion where I would like to mention some of the ways my two very different relationships with my siblings have affected me.

Menesini, Ersilia, Marina Camodeca, and Annalaura Nocentini. “Bullying Among Siblings: The Role of Personality and Relational Variables.” British Journal of Developmental Psychology 28.4 (2010): 921-939. Academic Search Premier. Web. 8 Mar. 2015.

This article focuses on a study done to analyze the relationship between gender, sibling age and the amount of sibling bullying. This study found that the presence of an older brother in the family increases the likelihood of sibling harassment. This article will be useful for my own article because it contributes to the reasons as to why my brother and I don’t have a good relationship. This study shows that older brothers are likely to bully their younger siblings leading to strained relationships, such as the one my brother and I have.

Perez-Litwin, Angelica. “Sibling Relationship: Challenging but Powerful.” Simple Kids. Simple Living Media, 1 Jan. 2014. Web. 8 Mar. 2015.

This article focuses on the role that siblings have on each other’s development as well as was parents can encourage healthy relationships between siblings. It will be helpful to my own article because it mentions different factors that could possibly cause siblings to not have a healthy relationship and I can consider these when I consider the relationship between my brother and myself.

“The Importance of Siblings.” Psychologies. N.p., 16 Aug. 2011. Web. 08 Mar. 2015.

This article focuses on how our relationships with our siblings can affect us as adults, both positively and negatively. This article will contribute to my own article because it mentions how sisters are generally closer to each other and how conflict is most common when children are between the ages of 10 and 13. I was fourteen when my brother left for school, which was just after the period where our bickering was supposedly the worst so perhaps that had something to do with my reaction to his departure.

Rimm, Sylvia, Dr. “The Effects of Sibling Competition.” Dr. Sylvia Rimm. Family Achievement Clinic, 2002. Web. 08 Mar. 2015.

This article focuses specifically on sibling competition and what factors can influence children to be more or less competitive with each other. This article will contribute information to my own article because it says that same gender siblings are more likely to feel competitive with each other if they’re of similar age which might explain why my sister and I aren’t competitive with each other, we are four years apart. This article also states that the youngest, which I am, might feel like underachievers because they’re labeled as “the baby of the family” and this could have resulted in my animosity towards my brother.

Sailor, D.H. “Influences on Sibling Relationships.” Education. N.p., 1 May 2014. Web. 08 Mar. 2015.

This article focuses entirely on different aspects that could influence siblings’ relationships such as birth order, age, and gender. The information this article provides will contribute to my article because most of the information it states applies to explaining my own personal situation. For example it states that younger siblings most admire siblings who are four or more years older than them, which is the age gap between my sister and me. As well, siblings of the same gender are more likely to be closer and have more warmth to their relationship.

Spitze, Glenna, and Katherine Trent. “Gender Differences in Adult Sibling Relations in Two-Child Families.” Journal of Marriage and Family 2006: 977. JSTOR Journals. Web. 8 Mar. 2015.

This article focuses on the closeness, contact and helping amongst siblings based off of information collected from 1,500 respondents to a survey. This study will contribute to my article because based off of their results, sisters are more likely to keep in contact and exchange advice than any other pair of siblings. As well it has been found that sisters are emotionally closer to each other. This information provides support for my article and why I am closer to my sister than I am to my brother.

Van Volkom, Michele, Carly Machiz, and Ashley E. Reich. “Sibling Relationships In The College Years: Do Gender, Birth Order, And Age Spacing Matter?” North American Journal of Psychology 13.1 (2011): 35-50. Academic Search Premier. Web. 8 Mar. 2015.

This article focuses on a study done on 126 college students to determine their perceptions on sibling relationships. This study will support my article because if found evidence that gender and birth order both effect your relationship with your sibling. What was particularly interesting about this study, is that it found that there is more competition and competitiveness between siblings that there is three years or less of an age difference between. This could explain the competitiveness between my brother and myself throughout our entire life.


One comment

  1. commanderjeffgandell · March 31, 2015

    This all looks very good. You’ll need to come up with a more precise statement that makes some kind of argument for the main point of your second draft. What are you saying about relationships between siblings of the same or different genders?


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